Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Cardiothorac Surg. 2010 Nov 8;5:106. doi: 10.1186/1749-8090-5-106.

Effects of inosine on reperfusion injury after cardiopulmonary bypass.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. gaborveres@yahoo.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Inosine, a break-down product of adenosine has been recently shown to exert inodilatory and anti-inflammatory properties. Furthermore inosine might be a key substrate of pharmacological post-conditioning. In the present pre-clinical study, we investigated the effects of inosine on cardiac function during reperfusion in an experimental model of cardioplegic arrest and extracorporal circulation.

METHODS:

Twelve anesthetized dogs underwent hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass. After 60 minutes of hypothermic cardiac arrest, reperfusion was started after application of either saline vehicle (control, n = 6), or inosine (100 mg/kg, n = 6). Left ventricular end-systolic pressure volume relationship (ESPVR) was measured by a combined pressure-volume-conductance catheter at baseline and after 60 minutes of reperfusion. Left anterior descendent coronary blood flow (CBF), endothelium-dependent vasodilatation to acetylcholine (ACh) and endothelium-independent vasodilatation to sodium nitroprusside (SNP) were also determined.

RESULTS:

The administration of inosine led to a significantly better recovery (given as percent of baseline) of ESPVR 90 ± 9% vs. 46 ± 6%, p < 0.05. CBF and was also significantly higher in the inosine group (56 ± 8 vs. 23 ± 4, ml/min, p < 0.05). While the vasodilatatory response to SNP was similar in both groups, ACh resulted in a significantly higher increase in CBF (58 ± 6% vs. 25 ± 5%, p < 0.05) in the inosine group.

CONCLUSIONS:

Application of inosine improves myocardial and endothelial function after cardiopulmonary bypass with hypothermic cardiac arrest.

PMID:
21059208
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2990750
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk