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J Endourol. 2011 Jan;25(1):91-5. doi: 10.1089/end.2010.0230. Epub 2010 Nov 4.

Robotic enterocystoplasty: technique and early outcomes.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Lahey Clinic, Burlington, Massachusetts 01805, USA.



Enterocystoplasty is an established treatment for patients with refractory neurogenic bladder symptoms. We assessed the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of a robot-assisted enterocystoplasty in this population.


Five neurogenic bladder patients, median age of 43.8 years, underwent the procedure. Using a five-port technique, intraperitoneal robotic enterocystoplasty was performed through the following steps: (1) creation of a U-shaped full-thickness detrusor cystotomy, (2) intracorporeal harvesting of 30 cm of ileum, (3) intracorporeal construction of a detubularized ileal patch, and (4) anastomosis of the ileal patch to the cystotomy. An extracorporeal side-to-side bowel anastomosis re-established bowel continuity. After surgery, urinary continence, bladder capacity, upper tract protection, and complications were assessed.


Mean operative time was 6.4 hours, estimated blood loss was 180 mL, and length of stay was 7 days. Postoperatively, all patients had a functioning enterocystoplasty, urethral continence, and normal upper tract imaging. One patient was rehospitalized for an ileus/urinoma, which resolved with conservative treatment.


Robot-assisted enterocystoplasty can be effectively and safely performed with minimal morbidity.

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