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AIDS Behav. 2011 Feb;15(2):376-88. doi: 10.1007/s10461-010-9836-3.

Challenges in addressing depression in HIV research: assessment, cultural context, and methods.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-1525, USA. jsimoni@uw.edu

Abstract

Depression is one of the most common co-morbidities of HIV infection. It negatively impacts self-care, quality of life, and biomedical outcomes among people living with HIV (PLWH) and may interfere with their ability to benefit from health promotion interventions. State-of-the-science research among PLWH, therefore, must address depression. To guide researchers, we describe the main diagnostic, screening, and symptom-rating measures of depression, offering suggestions for selecting the most appropriate instrument. We also address cultural considerations in the assessment of depression among PLWH, emphasizing the need to consider measurement equivalence and offering strategies for developing measures that are valid cross-culturally. Finally, acknowledging the high prevalence of depression among PLWH, we provide guidance to researchers on incorporating depression into the theoretical framework of their studies and employing procedures that account for participants with depression.

PMID:
21046221
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3335263
Free PMC Article
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