Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nat Rev Neurol. 2010 Nov;6(11):624-36. doi: 10.1038/nrneurol.2010.149. Epub 2010 Oct 12.

Use of botulinum toxin in the neurology clinic.

Author information

  • 1Division of Neurology, National University Health System, National University of Singapore, 1E, NUHS Tower Block, Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119228.


Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) is an effective treatment for conditions associated with overactivity of glandular, smooth or skeletal muscle, and this toxin can also ameliorate certain painful conditions. Electromyography, endoscopy and imaging techniques such as ultrasonography and fluoroscopy have been used to increase the accuracy of BoNT injections. This Review assesses the mechanisms of action of BoNT, and examines the use of BoNT injections in numerous neurological conditions, including dystonia, spasticity, headaches and other painful disorders, hemifacial spasm, essential tremor, motor tics, hyperhidrosis, and sialorrhea and drooling. Important practical aspects, such as the reconstitution of BoNT, dosing, and methods of administration, are also addressed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk