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Platelets. 1994;5(2):105-8. doi: 10.3109/09537109409005520.

Dipyridamole and Platelet Release of Platelet-derived Growth Factor.

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  • 1Department of Medicine and Cardiology, Aarhus Amtssygehus, Aarhus University Hospital, Tage Hansens gade 2, Dk-8000, Aarhus C.


Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and β-thromboglobulin (β-TG) are released from platelet alpha-granules during platelet activation. PDGF is a potent chemoattractant and mitogen for human vascular smooth muscle cells, and may be important in the development of late restenosis following angioplasty and in atherogenesis. In recent studies, where PDGF release into serum was evaluated indirectly by measuring (3)H-thymidine incorporation into fibroblasts, it was reported that the antiplatelet drug dipyridamole (DPM) decreased serum levels of PDGF. Such selective inhibition of the PDGF-release would have potential important implications for patients with atherosclerosis and for patients undergoing angioplasty. We therefore measured platelet content of PDGF and β-TG as well as platelet release of PDGF using a newly developed radioimmunoassay in healthy volunteers before and immediately after ingestion of DPM 100 mg t.i.d. for 3 days. We found no significant differences in platelet content of PDGF or β-TG before and after DPM. PDGF release from platelets isolated from plasma by gel filtration and stimulated with thrombin as well as platelet release of PDGF into serum was also unaffected by DPM. In conclusion, treatment with DPM does not affect platelet content of PDGF or β-TG. The treatment did not inhibit the platelet-release of PDGF as previously reported, neither via direct effects on platelets nor on inhibitory plasma components. DPM may, however, inhibit (3)H-thymidine incorporation into fibroblasts.

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