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Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011 Mar;165(3):223-8. doi: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2010.215. Epub 2010 Nov 1.

Wide availability of high-calorie beverages in US elementary schools.

Author information

  • 1Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 W Roosevelt Road, Chicago, IL 60608, USA. lindseyt@uic.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the availability of beverages for sale in elementary schools.

DESIGN:

Nationally representative mail-back survey.

SETTING:

U.S. public and private elementary schools during the 2006-2007, 2007-2008, and 2008-2009 school years.

PARTICIPANTS:

Survey respondents at elementary schools.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Availability of beverages offered in competitive venues and school lunches.

RESULTS:

Public elementary school students' access to beverages for sale in any competitive venue on campus (vending machines, stores, snack bars, and/or à la carte) increased from 49.0% in 2006-2007 to 61.3% in 2008- 2009 (P < .01). The percentage of public school students with access to only beverages allowed by the Institute of Medicine guidelines for competitive beverages (i.e., water, 100% juice, and 1% or nonfat milk) increased from 10.0% to 16.1% (P < .01). Access to higher-fat milk (2% or whole milk) in school lunches decreased from 77.9% of public school students in 2006-2007 to 68.3% in 2008-2009 (P < .001). Flavored milk was available at lunch on most days for 92.1% of public school students.

CONCLUSIONS:

As of the 2008-2009 school year, high-calorie beverages and beverages not allowed by national guidelines were still widely available in elementary schools.

PMID:
21041590
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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