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Atherosclerosis. 2011 Jan;214(1):94-100. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2010.10.004. Epub 2010 Oct 30.

FADS gene polymorphisms in Koreans: association with ω6 polyunsaturated fatty acids in serum phospholipids, lipid peroxides, and coronary artery disease.

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  • 1Interdisciplinary Course of Science for Aging, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We investigated the association of polymorphisms in FADS genes with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in serum phospholipids, lipid peroxides, and coronary artery disease (CAD) in Koreans.

METHODS:

In this case-control study, CAD patients (n=756, 40-79 years) and healthy controls (n=890) were genotyped for rs174537 near FADS1 (FEN1 rs174537G>T), FADS2 (rs174575, rs2727270), and FADS3 (rs1000778). We calculated the odds ratios (ORs) for CAD risk and measured serum PUFA composition and lipid peroxide.

RESULTS:

Among four SNPs, only rs174537G>T differed in allele frequencies between controls and CAD patients after adjustment for age, BMI, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hyperlipidemia (P=0.017). The minor T allele was associated with a lower risk of CAD [OR 0.75 (95%CI 0.61-0.92), P=0.006] after adjustment. rs174537T carriers had a significantly higher proportion of linoleic acid (LA, 18:2ω6), lower arachidonic acid (AA, 20:4ω6), and lower ratios of AA/dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (DGLA, 20:3ω6) and AA/LA than G/G subjects in both control and CAD groups. In the control group, 174537T carriers had significantly lower levels of total- and LDL-cholesterol, malondialdehyde, and ox-LDL. In CAD patients, rs174537T carriers showed a larger LDL particle size than G/G subjects. The proportion of AA in serum phospholipids positively correlated with LDL-cholesterol, ox-LDL, and malondialdehyde in controls and with 8-epi-prostaglandin F(2α) in both control and CAD groups.

CONCLUSION:

The rs174537T is associated with a lower proportion of AA in serum phospholipids and reduced CAD risk, in association with reduced total- and LDL-cholesterol and lipid peroxides.

Crown Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21040914
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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