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Dev Neuropsychol. 2010;35(6):762-84. doi: 10.1080/87565641.2010.508547.

Cortical responses to speech sounds in 3- and 6-month-old infants fed breast milk, milk formula, or soy formula.

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  • 1Arkansas Children's Nutrition Center, Little Rock, Arkansas 72202, USA.


Controversy exists about the safety of soy formula, with the main concern relating to potential estrogenic effects of soy protein. Since estrogens influence early brain development, we compared behavioral development and cortical responses (event-related potentials; ERPs) to speech sounds in infants fed either breast milk or formula (milk- or soy-based). Across-groups ERP measures were generally similar and behavioral measures were within normal ranges, suggesting no important influences of soy formula on behavioral development and brain function during the study period. Analyses relating ERP and behavioral measures revealed diet- and gender-specific emphases that may reflect differences in developmental trajectories of brain-behavior relationships.

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