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Anal Chim Acta. 2010 Nov 29;681(1-2):63-70. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2010.09.022. Epub 2010 Sep 22.

Wavelet analysis used for spectral background removal in the determination of glucose from near-infrared single-beam spectra.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry & Optical Science and Technology Center, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.


Wavelet analysis is developed as a preprocessing tool for use in removing background information from near-infrared (near-IR) single-beam spectra before the construction of multivariate calibration models. Three data sets collected with three different near-IR spectrometers are investigated that involve the determination of physiological levels of glucose (1-30 mM) in a simulated biological matrix containing alanine, ascorbate, lactate, triacetin, and urea in phosphate buffer. A factorial design is employed to optimize the specific wavelet function used and the level of decomposition applied, in addition to the spectral range and number of latent variables associated with a partial least-squares calibration model. The prediction performance of the computed models is studied with separate data acquired after the collection of the calibration spectra. This evaluation includes one data set collected over a period of more than 6 months. Preprocessing with wavelet analysis is also compared to the calculation of second-derivative spectra. Over the three data sets evaluated, wavelet analysis is observed to produce better-performing calibration models, with improvements in concentration predictions on the order of 30% being realized relative to models based on either second-derivative spectra or spectra preprocessed with simple additive and multiplicative scaling correction. This methodology allows the construction of stable calibrations directly with single-beam spectra, thereby eliminating the need for the collection of a separate background or reference spectrum.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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