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J Pediatr. 2011 Apr;158(4):650-654.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2010.09.033. Epub 2010 Oct 29.

Detection of gastroesophageal reflux in children using combined multichannel intraluminal impedance and pH measurement: data from the German Pediatric Impedance Group.

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  • 1Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Children's University Hospital Bochum at St Josef Hospital, Ruhr University, Bochum, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To validate the use of combined multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII)-pH (MII-pH) monitoring for detecting gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in children in daily clinical practice.

STUDY DESIGN:

The patients were divided into 3 symptom groups based on the main indication for the procedure. MII-pH monitoring was performed in 700 children presenting with symptoms suggestive of GER, including 329 children with pulmonary symptoms, 325 with gastrointestinal symptoms, and 46 with neurologic symptoms. The MII-pH results were compared with pH monitoring alone, and retrograde bolus movements, symptom index, and symptom association probability were compared.

RESULTS:

Overall, 270 measurements were abnormal: 101 (37%) showed abnormal MII-pH study, 49 (18%) showed only pathological pH measurements and 120 measurements (45%) had an abnormal MII recording only. Extraintestinal symptoms of GER were seen more often in younger children and were more often related to a normal pH study but an abnormal MII study. Infants had a significantly higher number of retrograde bolus movements than older children. Symptom index and symptom association probability showed moderate agreement (Cohen kappa, 0.54).

CONCLUSIONS:

From this large systematically standardized data collection of MII-pH measurements in children, we conclude that 45% of the patients with abnormal GER would not have been recognized by 24-hour pH measurement alone. Our findings confirm that MII-pH is superior to pH monitoring alone in detecting GER.

Copyright © 2011 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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