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Mucosal Immunol. 2011 May;4(3):325-34. doi: 10.1038/mi.2010.71. Epub 2010 Oct 27.

Control of intestinal Nod2-mediated peptidoglycan recognition by epithelium-associated lymphocytes.

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  • 1Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Abstract

Innate immune recognition of the bacterial cell wall constituent peptidoglycan by the cytosolic nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 2 (Nod2) receptor has a pivotal role in the maintenance of intestinal mucosal homeostasis. Whereas peptidoglycan cleavage by gut-derived lysozyme preserves the recognition motif, the N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase activity of the peptidoglycan recognition protein 2 (PGLYRP-2) destroys the Nod2-detected muramyl dipeptide structure. PGLYRP-2 green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter and wild-type mice were studied by flow cytometry and quantitative RT-PCR to identify Pglyrp-2 expression in cells of the intestinal mucosa and reveal a potential regulatory function on epithelial peptidoglycan recognition. CD3(+)/CD11c(+) T lymphocytes revealed significant Pglyrp-2 expression, whereas epithelial cells and intestinal myeloid cells were negative. The mucosal Pglyrp-2-expressing lymphocyte population demonstrated a mixed T-cell receptor (TCR) αβ or γδ phenotype with predominant CD8α and less so CD8β expression, as well as significant staining for the activation markers B220 and CD69, presenting a typical intraepithelial lymphocyte phenotype. Importantly, exposure of peptidoglycan to PGLYRP-2 significantly reduced Nod2/Rip2-mediated epithelial activation. Also, moderate but significant alterations of the intestinal microbiota composition were noted in Pglyrp-2-deficient animals. PGLYRP-2 might thus have a significant role in regulation of the enteric host-microbe homeostasis.

PMID:
20980996
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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