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Appl Nurs Res. 2012 Feb;25(1):54-9. doi: 10.1016/j.apnr.2010.01.002. Epub 2010 Apr 13.

Tai Chi for older nurses: a workplace wellness pilot study.

Author information

  • 1Office of Nursing Workforce, University of Vermont, Burlington, 05405-0068, USA. mpalumbo@uvm.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility of a Tai Chi workplace wellness program as a cost effective way of improving physical and mental health, reducing work related stress, and improving work productivity among older nurses in a hospital setting Design A randomized control trial of two groups (control and Tai Chi group).

DESIGN:

A randomized control trial of two groups (control and Tai Chi group).

SETTINGS:

Northeastern academic medical center.

SUBJECTS:

A convenience sample of eleven female nurses (mean age 54.4 years).

INTERVENTION:

The Tai Chi group (n = 6) was asked to attend Tai Chi classes once a week offered at their worksite and to practice on their own for 10 minutes each day at least 4 days per week for 15 weeks. Controls (n = 5) received no intervention.

MEASURES:

SF-36 Health Survey, Nursing Stress Scale (NSS), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Sit-and-Reach test, Functional Reach test, the Work Limitations Questionnaire, workplace injury and unscheduled time off.

ANALYSIS:

The two study groups were compared descriptively and changes across time in the intervention versus control were compared.

RESULTS:

The Tai Chi group took no unscheduled time-off hours, whereas, the control group was absent 49 hours during the study period. There was also a 3% increase in work productivity and significant improvement in functional reach (p=0.03) compared to the control group. Other outcomes were not statistically significant.

CONCLUSION:

This pilot study demonstrates the feasibility of Tai Chi with older female workers as a cost effective wellness option in the workplace; thus encouraging replication with a larger sample. Methodological implications were also addressed.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20974089
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3029490
Free PMC Article
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