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Curr Biol. 2010 Nov 9;20(21):1945-52. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2010.09.065. Epub 2010 Oct 21.

Nucleoredoxin sustains Wnt/β-catenin signaling by retaining a pool of inactive dishevelled protein.

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  • 1Laboratory of Intracellular Signaling, Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

Abstract

Overexpression of Dishevelled (Dvl), an essential component of the Wnt signaling pathway, is frequently associated with tumors, and thus the Dvl protein level must be tightly controlled to sustain Wnt signaling without causing tumors. Kelch-like 12 (KLHL12) targets Dvl for ubiquitination and degradation, suggesting its potential importance in avoiding aberrant Dvl overexpression. However, the regulatory mechanism of the KLHL12 activity remained elusive. We show here that nucleoredoxin (NRX) determines the Dvl protein level, which is revealed by analyses on NRX(-/-) mice showing skeletal and cardiovascular defects. Consistent with the previously reported Dvl-inhibiting function of NRX, Wnt/β-catenin signaling is hyperactivated in NRX(-/-) osteoblasts. However, the signal activity is suppressed in cardiac cells, where KLHL12 is highly expressed. Biochemical analyses reveal that Dvl is rapidly degraded by accelerated ubiquitination in NRX(-/-) mouse embryonic fibroblasts, and they fail to activate Wnt/β-catenin signaling in response to Wnt ligands. Moreover, experiments utilizing purified proteins show that NRX expels KLHL12 from Dvl and inhibits ubiquitination. These findings reveal an unexpected function of NRX, retaining a pool of inactive Dvl for robust activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling upon Wnt stimulation.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20970343
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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