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J Adolesc Health. 2010 Nov;47(5):523-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.03.005. Epub 2010 Apr 28.

Attention, learning, and arousal of experimentally sleep-restricted adolescents in a simulated classroom.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA. dean.beebe@cchmc.org

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To experimentally test whether chronic sleep restriction, which is common among adolescents, is causally related to poor learning, inattentive behaviors, and diminished arousal in a classroom-like situation.

METHODS:

Sixteen healthy adolescents underwent a sleep manipulation that included, in counterbalanced order, five consecutive nights of sleep deprivation (6½ hours in bed) versus five nights of healthy sleep duration (10 hours in bed). At the end of each condition, participants viewed educational films and took related quizzes in a simulated classroom. Eight participants also underwent video and electroencephalography monitoring to assess levels of inattentive behaviors and arousal, respectively.

RESULTS:

As compared with the healthy sleep condition, sleep-deprived participants had lower quiz scores (p = .05), more inattentive behaviors (p < .05), and lower arousal (p = .08).

CONCLUSIONS:

These pilot data complement previous correlational reports by showing that chronic sleep restriction during adolescence can cause inattention, diminished learning, and lowered arousal in a simulated classroom.

Copyright © 2010 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20970088
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2963797
Free PMC Article
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