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Sci Total Environ. 2010 Dec 1;409(1):182-91. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.09.038. Epub 2010 Oct 18.

A non-linear analysis to detect the origin of PM10 concentrations in Northern Italy.

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  • 1Department of Electronics for Automation, University of Brescia, Via Branze 38, I-25123 Brescia, Italy.

Abstract

This work presents the formalization and the application of the factor separation technique in order to investigate the impact of precursor emission and their nonlinear interaction (in particulate matter accumulation processes). By processing the simulations of a 3D multiphase modeling system, the factor separation methodology can support the Environmental Authority in quantifying the impact of precursor emissions on PM10 production and consequently in assessing the feasible efficiency of different emission control strategies over a considered domain. The case study proposed by this paper focuses on the Po Valley region (Northern Italy), characterized by critical PM10 levels claiming for sound emission reduction policies. The results show the heavy nonlinearities and the strong seasonal dependence in the formation of PM10, over the study domain. Furthermore the results highlight that peak PM10 concentrations are mainly related to primary PM emissions in urban areas, and gas emissions (mainly NOx and NH3) in rural areas.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20961597
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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