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BMC Cell Biol. 2010 Oct 19;11:80. doi: 10.1186/1471-2121-11-80.

PIST regulates the intracellular trafficking and plasma membrane expression of cadherin 23.

Author information

  • 1Department of Otolaryngology--Head & Neck Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. xuzg@sdu.edu.cn

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The atypical cadherin protein cadherin 23 (CDH23) is crucial for proper function of retinal photoreceptors and inner ear hair cells. As we obtain more and more information about the specific roles of cadherin 23 in photoreceptors and hair cells, the regulatory mechanisms responsible for the transport of this protein to the plasma membrane are largely unknown.

RESULTS:

PIST, a Golgi-associated, PDZ domain-containing protein, interacted with cadherin 23 via the PDZ domain of PIST and the C-terminal PDZ domain-binding interface (PBI) of cadherin 23. By binding to cadherin 23, PIST retained cadherin 23 in the trans-Golgi network of cultured cells. The retention was released when either of the two known cadherin 23-binding proteins MAGI-1 and harmonin was co-expressed. Similar to MAGI-1 and harmonin, PIST was detected in mouse inner ear sensory hair cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

PIST binds cadherin 23 via its PDZ domain and retains cadherin 23 in trans-Golgi network. MAGI-1 and harmonin can compete with PIST for binding cadherin 23 and release cadherin 23 from PIST's retention. Our finding suggests that PIST, MAGI-1 and harmonin collaborate in intracellular trafficking of cadherin 23 and regulate the plasma membrane expression of cadherin 23.

PMID:
20958966
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2967513
Free PMC Article
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