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Am J Addict. 2010 Nov-Dec;19(6):543-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2010.00074.x. Epub 2010 Sep 23.

Changes in coping moderate substance abuse outcomes differentially across behavioral treatment modality.

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  • 1Alcohol and Drug Abuse Treatment Program, McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts 02478, USA.


In this secondary data analytic study, we examined whether the relationship between changes in coping and treatment outcome differed between women enrolled in either the Women's Recovery Group (WRG) (n = 29), a new manualized group treatment for women with substance use disorders, or Group Drug Counseling (GDC) (n = 7), an empirically supported mixed-gender group treatment. We examined subscales of the Ways of Coping Questionnaire and found that while changes in coping did not differ significantly across treatment groups, the association between changes in coping and substance abuse outcome was related to treatment condition. Increases in problem-focused coping were associated with decreased drinking days in WRG, but paradoxically with increased drinking days in GDC. For both groups, increases in wishful thinking were associated with increases in substance use, and increases in social support coping associated with decreases in use, but these associations were greater in GDC. Our results highlight the importance of examining the impact of treatment modality on coping, as well as contextual factors that may help to explain the specific pattern of results. 

© American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry.

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