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Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2010 Dec;142(2-4):378-84. doi: 10.1093/rpd/ncq269. Epub 2010 Oct 14.

Estimation of dose rates to humans exposed to elevated natural radioactivity through different pathways in the island of Ikaria, Greece.

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  • 1National Centre for Scientific Research Demokritos, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, Environmental Radioactivity Laboratory, 15310 Aghia Paraskevi, Athens, Greece.


A radiological survey has been carried out in the island of Ikaria based on the natural radionuclide inventory in abiotic environment and the consequent dose rate assessment for the critical groups of population. The island of Ikaria-Aegean Sea, Greece is characterised by the presence of mineral and thermo-mineral springs, which have an apparent influence on natural background radiation of the island. The levels of natural radionuclides in spring water (either for spa treatment and household use), potable water (local domestic network), and rock and soil samples were measured in this island. The concentrations of (222)Rn and natural gamma emitters were found to be significantly elevated in spring water and some rock and soil samples. In terms of NORM and TENORM, the external and internal dose rates (mSv y(-1)) were estimated in three groups of population selected on the basis of water use as: habitants of the island, working personnel and bathers in spa installations. According to the derived results, the working personnel in the thermal spa installations are exposed to significant radiological risk due to waterborne (222)Rn with a maximum dose rate up to 35 mSv y(-1), which led to overexposure in terms of the 20 mSv y(-1) professional limits. Therefore, this group can be considered as the critical one for the radiological impact assessment in the island.

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