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Methods Enzymol. 2010;471:379-402. doi: 10.1016/S0076-6879(10)71020-X. Epub 2010 Mar 1.

Reversible histidine phosphorylation in mammalian cells: a teeter-totter formed by nucleoside diphosphate kinase and protein histidine phosphatase 1.

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  • 1Institut für Experimentelle und Klinische Pharmakologie und Toxikologie, Medizinische Fakultät Mannheim, Universität Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany.


Regulation of protein phosphorylation by kinases and phosphatases is involved in many signaling pathways in mammalian cells. In contrast to prokaryotes and lower eukaryotes a role for the reversible phosphorylation of histidine residues is just emerging. The β subunit of heterotrimeric G proteins, the metabolic enzyme adenosine 5'-triphosphate-citrate lyase (ACL), and the Ca2+-activated K+ channel KCa3.1 have been identified as targets for nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDPK) acting as protein histidine kinase and the so far only identified mammalian protein histidine phosphatase (PHPT-1). Herein, we describe the analysis of the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of histidine residues by NDPK and PHPT-1. In addition, experimental protocols for studying the consequences of heterotrimeric G protein activation via NDPK/Gβγ mediated phosphorelay, the regulation of ACL activity and of KCa3.1 conductivity by histidine phosphorylation will be presented.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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