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Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2010 Nov;36(6):357-62. doi: 10.3109/00952990.2010.501131. Epub 2010 Oct 12.

Racial differences in treatment effect among men in a substance abuse and domestic violence program.

Author information

  • 1Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Division of Substance Abuse, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA. melanie.scott@yale.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

It is unclear whether racial differences in treatment effect exist for individuals in substance abuse and domestic violence programs.

OBJECTIVES:

This study examined racial differences in treatment effect among substance dependent Caucasian and African-American male intimate partner violence (IPV) offenders court mandated to an integrated substance abuse and domestic violence treatment.

METHODS:

From baseline to completion of treatment (week 12), 75 participants (39 Caucasian; 36 African-American) were assessed on demographics, substance use, legal characteristics, and use of violence (physical, verbal, and psychological).

RESULTS:

African-American men served more months incarcerated in their life than Caucasian men. Both groups showed decreases in their use of physical violence and alcohol abuse over treatment. Caucasian men also showed a decrease in their use of verbal abuse.

CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE:

At treatment completion, both groups showed a reduction in physical abuse and alcohol abuse. Caucasian men showed a reduction in their use of verbal abuse, but African-American men did not. Substance dependent African-American male IPV offenders may benefit from interventions that thoroughly target communication skills in addition to issues of substance abuse and IPV to reduce use of verbal abuse and improve treatment outcomes among African American men.

PMID:
20936990
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3666933
Free PMC Article
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