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Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2011 Feb;14(1):60-5. doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2010.09.012. Epub 2010 Oct 8.

The genetic architecture of natural variation in flower morphology.

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  • 1Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Berne, Altenbergrain 21, CH-3013 Berne, Switzerland.


A pollination syndrome is defined as a suite of floral traits that are associated with the attraction of a specific group of animals as pollinators. Traits such as flower morphology, color, scent, and rewards contribute to the plant's reproductive success by attracting pollinators. Here we focus on the genetics of natural variation in flower morphology and how the adaptation between plants and their cognate pollinator class contributes to plant's reproductive success. We review recent work on the genetic basis of interspecific differences in reproductive organ morphology and discuss possible genetic mechanisms for coordinated changes in complex syndromes.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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