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Trends Biotechnol. 2010 Dec;28(12):605-10. doi: 10.1016/j.tibtech.2010.09.002. Epub 2010 Oct 8.

Chromosome engineering: power tools for plant genetics.

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  • 1Department of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA. srchan@ucdavis.edu

Abstract

The term "chromosome engineering" describes technologies in which chromosomes are manipulated to change their mode of genetic inheritance. This review examines recent innovations in chromosome engineering that promise to greatly increase the efficiency of plant breeding. Haploid Arabidopsis thaliana have been produced by altering the kinetochore protein CENH3, yielding instant homozygous lines. Haploid production will facilitate reverse breeding, a method that downregulates recombination to ensure progeny contain intact parental chromosomes. Another chromosome engineering success is the conversion of meiosis into mitosis, which produces diploid gametes that are clones of the parent plant. This is a key step in apomixis (asexual reproduction through seeds) and could help to preserve hybrid vigor in the future. New homologous recombination methods in plants will potentiate many chromosome engineering applications.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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