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J Biol Chem. 2010 Dec 17;285(51):39637-45. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.173989. Epub 2010 Oct 6.

Separate and combined biochemical activities of the subunits of a naturally split reverse gyrase.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Duke University, Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA.

Abstract

Reverse gyrase reanneals denatured DNA and induces positive supercoils in DNA, an activity that is critical for life at very high temperatures. Positive supercoiling occurs by a poorly understood mechanism involving the coordination of a topoisomerase domain and a helicase-like domain. In the parasitic archaeon Nanoarchaeum equitans, these domains occur as separate subunits. We express the subunits, and characterize them both in isolation and as a heterodimer. Each subunit tightly associates and interacts with the other. The topoisomerase subunit enhances the catalytic specificity of the DNA-dependent ATPase activity of the helicase-like subunit, and the helicase-like subunit inhibits the relaxation activity of the topoisomerase subunit while promoting positive supercoiling. DNA binding preference for both single- and double-stranded DNA is partitioned between the subunits. Based on a sensitive topological shift assay, the binding preference of helicase-like subunit for underwound DNA is modulated by its binding with ATP cofactor. These results provide new insight into the mechanism of positive supercoil induction by reverse gyrase.

PMID:
20929866
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3000944
Free PMC Article

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