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J Neurosci. 2010 Oct 6;30(40):13305-13. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3010-10.2010.

Histone H1 poly[ADP]-ribosylation regulates the chromatin alterations required for learning consolidation.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, Anatomy, and Cellular Biology, University of Pablo de Olavide, 41013 Seville, Spain.

Abstract

Memory formation requires changes in gene expression, which are regulated by the activation of transcription factors and by changes in epigenetic factors. Poly[ADP]-ribosylation of nuclear proteins has been postulated as a chromatin modification involved in memory consolidation, although the mechanisms involved are not well characterized. Here we demonstrate that poly[ADP]-ribose polymerase 1 (PARP-1) activity and the poly[ADP]-ribosylation of proteins over a specific time course is required for the changes in synaptic plasticity related to memory stabilization in mice. At the molecular level, histone H1 poly[ADP]-ribosylation was evident in the hippocampus after the acquisition period, and it was selectively released in a PARP-1-dependent manner at the promoters of cAMP response element-binding protein and nuclear factor-κB dependent genes associated with learning and memory. These findings suggest that histone H1 poly[ADP]-ribosylation, and its loss at specific loci, is an epigenetic mechanism involved in the reprogramming of neuronal gene expression required for memory consolidation.

PMID:
20926656
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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