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Eur J Endocrinol. 2011 Jan;164(1):141-5. doi: 10.1530/EJE-10-0758. Epub 2010 Oct 5.

A novel TMEM127 mutation in a patient with familial bilateral pheochromocytoma.

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  • 1Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Département de Génétique, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Service de Génétique, 20-40 rue Leblanc, F-75015 Paris, France. nelly.burnichon@inserm.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

In this report, we describe a new patient with unexplained familial bilateral pheochromocytoma. Following the recent description of TMEM127 as a new pheochromocytoma susceptibility gene, the aim of this study was to test the hypothesis of a causative TMEM127 gene mutation in this patient.

DESIGN:

Pheochromocytoma susceptibility genes were analyzed in germline DNA and losses of heterozygosity (LOH) assessed by BAC array comparative genomic hybridization in tumor DNA. SDHB expression and S6 kinase (S6K) phosphorylation were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Genome-wide expression microarray studies were performed, and vascular density was quantified after CD34 immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS:

A first germline variant was identified in the SDHB gene (c.158G>A; p.Gly53Glu). However, a positive SDHB immunostaining in the tumor indicated that this SDHB variant was a non-functional polymorphism. A novel TMEM127 germline mutation (c.140C>A, p.Ala47Asp) associated with a 2q11 LOH was found. Transcriptome and immunohistochemical analyses showed that TMEM127-related pheochromocytoma clusterized with NF1-related and RET-related tumors in a large series of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas, exhibited a reduced TMEM127 mRNA expression and displayed a low vascularization. The phosphorylation of S6K observed in this tumor was suggestive of an activation of the MTOR pathway.

CONCLUSIONS:

Pathological and genomic data demonstrated that a TMEM127 gene mutation not previously described was causative of a new case of familial bilateral pheochromocytoma. This report highlights the importance of supplementary analyses on tumor tissue to provide an accurate pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma genetic testing result to affected patients.

PMID:
20923864
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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