Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biophys J. 2010 Oct 6;99(7):2374-83. doi: 10.1016/j.bpj.2010.08.007.

Magnetic and contrast properties of labeled platelets for magnetomotive optical coherence tomography.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. aold@physics.unc.edu

Abstract

This article introduces a new functional imaging paradigm that uses optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect rehydrated, lyophilized platelets (RL platelets) that are in the preclinical trial stage and contain superparamagnetic iron oxides (SPIOs) approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Platelets are highly functional blood cells that detect and adhere to sites of vascular endothelial damage by forming primary hemostatic plugs. By applying magnetic gradient forces, induced nanoscale displacements (magnetomotion) of the SPIO-RL platelets are detected as optical phase shifts in OCT. In this article, we characterize the iron content and magnetic properties of SPIO-RL platelets, construct a model to predict their magnetomotion in a tissue medium, and demonstrate OCT imaging in tissue phantoms and ex vivo pig arteries. Tissue phantoms containing SPIO-RL platelets exhibited >3 dB contrast/noise ratio at ≥1.5 × 10(9) platelets/cm(3). OCT imaging was performed on ex vivo porcine arteries after infusion of SPIO-RL platelets, and specific contrast was obtained on an artery that was surface-damaged (P < 10(-6)). This may enable new technologies for in vivo monitoring of the adherence of SPIO-RL platelets to sites of bleeding and vascular damage, which is broadly applicable for assessing trauma and cardiovascular diseases.

Copyright © 2010 Biophysical Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20923673
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3042564
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (5)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk