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G Ital Nefrol. 2010 Sep-Oct;27 Suppl 50:S40-5.

[Kidney damage caused by treatment for hematological malignancies: from tumor lysis syndrome to post-transplant kidney failure].

[Article in Italian]

Author information

  • 1Divisione Clinicizzata di Nefrologia, Universita' degli Studi, Verona, Italy. pasquali.sonia@asmn.re.it

Abstract

In the wide spectrum of therapies for hematological malignancies, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, whether autologous or allogeneic, is a common procedure. In addition to other transplant-related organ toxicities, renal failure is a common complication following transplantation. This paper discusses the incidence, timing, etiologies, risk factors and prognosis of renal failure associated with three commonly used transplantation procedures: myeloablative autologous, myeloablative allogeneic, and non-myeloablative allogeneic transplantation. The epidemiology and prognosis of renal failure are different after these three procedures. Severe renal failure occurs with all three varieties, but the frequency increases from myeloablative autologous to non-myeloablative allogeneic to myeloablative allogeneic. In all three types of transplantation, the mortality is clearly associated with the severity of renal injury, and it is greater than 80% when dialysis is required. Strategies to improve renal failure following transplantation may have a beneficial impact on these patients. Reduction of acute renal failure will likely reduce the severity of non-renal organ dysfunction, the incidence and severity of chronic kidney disease, and the mortality.

PMID:
20922694
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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