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Diabetes. 2011 Jan;60(1):119-26. doi: 10.2337/db10-0276. Epub 2010 Oct 4.

Lack of TRPM2 impaired insulin secretion and glucose metabolisms in mice.

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  • 1National Institutes of Natural Sciences, Okazaki, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

TRPM2 is a Ca²(+)-permeable nonselective cation channel activated by adenosine dinucleotides. We previously demonstrated that TRPM2 is activated by coapplication of heat and intracellular cyclic adenosine 5'-diphosphoribose, which has been suggested to be involved in intracellular Ca²(+) increase in immunocytes and pancreatic β-cells. To clarify the involvement of TRPM2 in insulin secretion, we analyzed TRPM2 knockout (TRPM2-KO) mice.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Oral and intraperitoneal glucose tolerance tests (OGTT and IPGTT) were performed in TRPM2-KO and wild-type mice. We also measured cytosolic free Ca²(+) in single pancreatic cells using fura-2 microfluorometry and insulin secretion from pancreatic islets.

RESULTS:

Basal blood glucose levels were higher in TRPM2-KO mice than in wild-type mice without any difference in plasma insulin levels. The OGTT and IPGTT demonstrated that blood glucose levels in TRPM2-KO mice were higher than those in wild-type mice, which was associated with an impairment in insulin secretion. In isolated β-cells, smaller intracellular Ca²(+) increase was observed in response to high concentrations of glucose and incretin hormone in TRPM2-KO cells than in wild-type cells. Moreover, insulin secretion from the islets of TRPM2-KO mice in response to glucose and incretin hormone treatment was impaired, whereas the response to tolbutamide, an ATP-sensitive potassium channel inhibitor, was not different between the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results indicate that TRPM2 is involved in insulin secretion stimulated by glucose and that further potentiated by incretins. Thus, TRPM2 may be a new target for diabetes therapy.

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