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Nicotine Tob Res. 2010 Oct;12 Suppl:S58-63. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntq135.

Socioeconomic position and abrupt versus gradual method of quitting smoking: findings from the International Tobacco Control Four-Country Survey.

Author information

  • 1Department of Health Promotion, Social and Behavioral Health, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-6075, USA. msiahpush@unmc.edu

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Our aim was to investigate the association between socioeconomic position (income and education) and abrupt versus gradual method of smoking cessation.

METHODS:

The analysis used data (n = 5,629) from Waves 1 through 6 (2002-2008) of the International Tobacco Control Four-Country Survey, a prospective study of a cohort of smokers in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Australia.

RESULTS:

Logistic regression analyses using generalized estimating equations showed that higher income (p < .001) and higher education (p = .011) were associated with a higher probability of abrupt versus gradual quitting. The odds of adopting abrupt versus gradual quitting were about 40% higher among respondents with high income ($60,000 and more in the United States/Canada/Australia and £30,000 and more in the United Kingdom) compared with those with low income (less than $30,000 in the United States/Canada/Australia; £15,000 and less in the United Kingdom). Similarly, the odds of abrupt versus gradual quitting were about 30% higher among respondents with a high level of education (university degree) compared with those with a low level of education (high school diploma or lower).

DISCUSSION:

Higher socioeconomic position is associated with a higher probability of quitting abruptly rather than gradually reducing smoking before quitting.

PMID:
20889482
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2948141
Free PMC Article
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