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Am J Phys Anthropol. 2011 Jan;144(1):80-91. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.21372. Epub 2010 Sep 27.

Divergent patrilineal signals in three Roma populations.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, College of Medicine, Florida International University, University Park, Miami, FL 33199, USA.

Abstract

Previous studies have revealed that the European Roma share close genetic, linguistic and cultural similarities with Indian populations despite their disparate geographical locations and divergent demographic histories. In this study, we report for the first time Y-chromosome distributions in three Roma collections residing in Belgrade, Vojvodina and Kosovo. Eighty-eight Y-chromosomes were typed for 14 SNPs and 17 STRs. The data were subsequently utilized for phylogenetic comparisons to pertinent reference collections available from the literature. Our results illustrate that the most notable difference among the three Roma populations is in their opposing distributions of haplogroups H and E. Although the Kosovo and Belgrade samples exhibit elevated levels of the Indian-specific haplogroup H-M69, the Vojvodina collection is characterized almost exclusively by haplogroup E-M35 derivatives, most likely the result of subsequent admixture events with surrounding European populations. Overall, the available data from Romani groups points to different levels of gene flow from local populations.

Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
20878647
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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