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Am J Public Health. 2010 Nov;100(11):2137-45. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2010.193490. Epub 2010 Sep 23.

Lessons learned from evaluations of California's statewide school nutrition standards.

Author information

  • 1Dr. Robert C. and Veronica Atkins Center for Weight & Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-3100, USA. gwlopez@berkeley.edu

Erratum in

  • Am J Public Health. 2011 Oct;101(10):1816.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We assessed the impact of legislation that established nutrition standards for foods and beverages that compete with reimbursable school meals in California.

METHODS:

We used documentation of available foods and beverages, sales accounts, and surveys of and interviews with students and food service workers to conduct 3 studies measuring pre- and postlegislation food and beverage availability, sales, and student consumption at 99 schools.

RESULTS:

Availability of nutrition standard-compliant foods and beverages increased. Availability of noncompliant items decreased, with the biggest reductions in sodas and other sweetened beverages, regular chips, and candy. At-school consumption of some noncompliant foods dropped; at-home consumption of selected noncompliant foods did not increase. Food and beverage sales decreased at most venues, and food service à la carte revenue losses were usually offset by increased meal program participation. Increased food service expenditures outpaced revenue increases.

CONCLUSIONS:

Regulation of competitive foods improved school food environments and student nutritional intake. Improvements were modest, partly because many compliant items are fat- and sugar-modified products of low nutritional value. Additional policies and actions are needed to achieve more substantive improvements in school nutrition environments and student nutrition and health.

PMID:
20864696
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2951961
Free PMC Article

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