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Neurobiol Aging. 2012 Jan;33(1):203.e25-33. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2010.08.002. Epub 2010 Sep 23.

Association and heterogeneity at the GAPDH locus in Alzheimer's disease.

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  • 1Department of Neuroscience, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Jacksonville, FL 32224, USA.

Abstract

Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene (GAPDH) and its paralogs were implicated in late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD), although the strength and direction of association have not been consistent. We genotyped 3 previously reported single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs3741916-GAPDH 5' UTR, rs2029721-pGAPD, and rs4806173-GAPDHS) in 3 case-control series (2112 cases and 3808 controls). Rs3741916 showed the strongest LOAD association (p = 0.003). The minor allele of rs3741916 showed a protective effect in our combined series (odds ratio [OR] = 0.87%, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.79-0.96). This is consistent with results from the 2 published follow-up studies and in opposite direction of the original report. Meta-analysis of the published series with ours suggests presence of heterogeneity (Breslow-Day p < 0.0001). Meta-analysis of only the follow-up series including ours revealed a significant protective effect for the minor allele of rs3741916 (OR = 0.85%, 95% CI = 0.76-0.96, p = 0.009). Our results support the presence of LOAD variants and heterogeneity at the GAPDH locus. The most promising rs3741916 variant is unlikely to be functional given opposing effects in different series. Identification of functional variant(s) in this region likely awaits deep sequencing.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20864222
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3017231
Free PMC Article
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