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Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2011 Jan;74(1):85-92. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2010.09.001.

Use of a modified Allium test with nanoTiO2.

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  • 1University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Biology, Večna pot 111, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.


Extensive production and wide application of TiO(2) nanoparticles has stimulated research on its potential biological effects on different groups of organisms but the interaction of TiO(2) nanoparticles with higher plants remains poorly understood. We have studied the effect of TiO(2) nanoparticles on Allium cepa using a modification of the conventional Allium test with nanoparticles suspended in distilled water as opposed to growth medium. Nanoparticulate TiO(2) was found to have low toxic potential and the mitotic index was among the most sensitive measures of the effect of nano-TiO(2). We conclude that modified Allium test is suitable to provide comparative data on the biological potential of a variety of nanoparticles and could be used in a tiered approach to nanotoxicity testing.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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