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Virology. 2010 Nov 25;407(2):341-51. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.07.023. Epub 2010 Sep 22.

Clonal expansion of HTLV-1 positive CD8+ cells relies on cIAP-2 but not on c-FLIP expression.

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  • 1CNRS UMR5239, Université de Lyon, Oncovirologie et Biothérapies, Centre Léon Bérard, 69008 Lyon, France.

Abstract

Here we investigate the mechanisms by which HTLV-1 infection prevents the cell death of CD8(+) T cells in vivo. We show that upon natural infection, cloned CD8(+) but not CD4(+) cells from patients without malignancy become resistant to Fas-mediated cell death and acquire an antiapoptotic transcriptome that includes the overexpression of cIAP-2 and c-FLIP(L). CD8(+) lymphocyte-restricted cIAP-2 overexpression correlates with resistance to Fas-mediated apoptosis and depends on tax expression via NF-KappaB. In contrast, in the same CD8(+) cells, the HTLV-1-dependent overexpression of c-FLIP(L) does not correlate with resistance to Fas-mediated cell death nor with tax expression. In the present model, infected CD8(+) clones are the only cell subtype in which cIAP-2 expression correlates with resistance to cell death. These results support a role for Tax-dependent cIAP-2 expression in preventing the death of naturally infected CD8(+) cells and thereby in their clonal expansion in vivo.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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