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Arch Oral Biol. 2010 Nov;55(11):896-901. doi: 10.1016/j.archoralbio.2010.06.018. Epub 2010 Sep 21.

Presence of Helicobacter pylori in supragingival dental plaque of individuals with periodontal disease and upper gastric diseases.

Author information

  • 1Escola de Odontologia, UNIGRANRIO, Duque de Caxias, Brazil. denisegomes@globo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative microorganism which is able to colonize the gastric mucosa and is associated with peptic ulcer, gastric carcinoma, and gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. Several studies have detected this bacterium in the oral cavity, suggesting it as a potential reservoir. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of H. pylori in the oral cavity of individuals with periodontal disease and gastric diseases.

METHODS:

115 individuals, with mean age 49.6 (±5.8) years, were divided in 4 groups: (A) with gastric diseases and periodontal disease; (B) with gastric diseases and no periodontal disease; (C) without gastric diseases and without periodontal disease, (D) without gastric diseases and with periodontal disease. Supra and subgingival plaque samples were collected from posterior teeth of the individuals with sterile paper points, and prepared for Polymerase Chain Reaction analysis. Fisher's exact test was used for detecting statistical differences between groups (p<0.05).

RESULTS:

H. pylori was detected in supragingival plaque of 9/36 (25%) of group A, 1/31 (0.3%) of group B, 0 (0%) of group C and 3/36 (8.3%) of group D. No subgingival samples were positive for H. pylori. There was a statistically higher prevalence of H. pylori in groups A and D when compared to B and C (p<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

H. pylori was detected in the supragingival plaque, but not in the subgingival plaque, of individuals with periodontal disease and upper gastric diseases. There was an association between the supragingival colonization of H. pylori and oral hygiene parameters such as the presence of plaque and gingival bleeding.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20863482
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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