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Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 1990 Nov;38(11):3020-3.

L-ascorbic acid alpha-glucoside formed by regioselective transglucosylation with rat intestinal and rice seed alpha-glucosidases: its improved stability and structure determination.

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  • 1Department of Immunochemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, Japan.


The definite structure and chemical stability of a new glucoside of L-ascorbic acid (AA) which was enzymatically glucosylated with rat intestinal and rice seed alpha-glucosidases were reported. The stability of this AA derivative in water under aerobic conditions was proved by its remarkable resistance against enhanced oxidative degradation by heat, Cu2+ ion or ascorbate oxidase, and it was found to have no reducing activity toward radicals. These properties were obviously distinguishable from those of AA. This glucoside was effectively hydrolyzed by alpha-glucosidases which possessed the ability to synthesize itself, resulting in the liberation of AA activity. The conjugate was composed of equimoles of AA and glucose. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectra, mass spectra, pH profiles of ultraviolet spectra and pK(a) value of 3.10 supported the coupling of alpha-glucose to the 2-position of AA. From these results, its structure was assigned 2-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-L-ascorbic acid, being distinct from 6-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-L-ascorbic acid formed with Aspergillus niger alpha-glucosidase. These findings indicate that the 2-O-glucoside formed by regioselective transglucosylation withstands oxidative degradation even in aqueous solutions and it can be used as an available active AA source for multicomponent liquid products.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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