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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2011 Mar;50(3):380-9. doi: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2010.09.009. Epub 2010 Sep 18.

Quantitative trait loci for electrocardiographic parameters and arrhythmia in the mouse.

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  • 1Heart Failure Research Center, Department of Experimental Cardiology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Cardiac arrhythmias associated with sudden death are influenced by multiple biological pathways and are modulated by numerous genetic and environmental factors. Elevated heart rate and prolonged ECG indices of conduction and repolarization have been associated with risk of sudden death. Insight into the genetic underpinnings of these parameters thus provides an important means to the dissection of the genetic components modulating risk of sudden cardiac death. In this study we mapped quantitative trait loci (QTL) modulating heart rate, ECG indices of conduction and repolarization, and susceptibility to arrhythmia, in a conduction disease-sensitized F(2) mouse population. Heart rate, P-duration, PR-, QRS- and QT-interval were measured at baseline (n=502) and after flecainide administration (n=370) in mutant F(2) progeny (F(2)-MUT) resulting from the FVB/NJ-Scn5a1798(insD/+) X 129P2-Scn5a1798(insD/+) mouse cross. Episodes of sinus arrhythmia and ventricular tachyarrhythmia occurring post-flecainide were treated as binary traits. F(2)-MUT mice were genotyped using a genome-wide 768 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) panel. Interval mapping uncovered multiple QTL for ECG parameters and arrhythmia. A sex-interacting scan identified QTL displaying sex-dependency, and a two-dimensional QTL scan unmasked locus-locus (epistasis) interactions influencing ECG traits. A number of QTL coincided at specific chromosomal locations, suggesting pleiotropic effects at these loci. Through transcript profiling in myocardium from the parental mouse strains we identified genes co-localizing at the identified QTL that constitute highly relevant candidates for the observed effects. The detection of QTL influencing ECG indices and arrhythmia is an essential step towards identifying genetic networks for sudden, arrhythmic, cardiac death.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20854825
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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