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Epidemiol Prev. 2010 May-Jun;34(3):87-92.

[Mortality from asbestos-related causes and incidence of pleural mesothelioma among former asbestos cement workers in San Filippo del Mela (Sicily)].

[Article in Italian]

Author information

  • 1Dipartimento di ambiente e connessa prevenzione primaria, Istituto superiore di sanità, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161, Roma. lucia.fazzo@iss.it

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The present paper estimates the burden of asbestos-related disease among asbestos-cement production workers of the Sacelit plant that operated in San Filippo del Mela (Province of Messina) from 1958 through 1993.

SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS:

The cohort was enumerated by the local committee of formerly exposed workers, with whom a collaboration was set up. The cohort includes 198 subjects with complete individual anagraphic information, out of 231 previous workers identified by the committee. A record-linkage with the Sicilian centre of the National mesothelioma registry enabled estimation of mesothelioma incidence for the years 1998-2008. Standardised proportionate mortality (SPMR) for asbestos-related causes was computed for the years 1986-2009. Sicilian Region constituted the reference population. The rationale for using SPMR rather than standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was a consequence for the lack of company files from which to obtain dates of start and termination of employment, and thus to compute person-years of observation, following the guidelines of the international scientific literature.

RESULTS:

Standardised incidence ratio (SIR) for mesothelioma in the overall cohort was 251 (4 observed, 0.02 expected). Proportionate mortality analysis among male subjects showed significant increases for pneumoconiosis (SPMR 80.1, 5 observed), lung cancer (SPMR 2.81, 10 observed) and pleural neoplasms (SPMR 19.4, 2 observed).

CONCLUSIONS:

Notwithstanding limitations in cohort reconstruction, for which the proportion of eligible subjects was 87.5% of those detected by the local committee, and the lack of information on duration of employment, it was possible to estimate a significant increase of the incidence of pleural mesothelioma with respect to Sicilian population. Also mortality from asbestos-related causes was in excess with respect to the regional reference population.

PMID:
20852345
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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