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Fitoterapia. 2011 Mar;82(2):93-101. doi: 10.1016/j.fitote.2010.09.006. Epub 2010 Sep 16.

The caper (Capparis L.): ethnopharmacology, phytochemical and pharmacological properties.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Biochimie, Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Université Tunis El-Manar, Tunis 2092, Tunisia. Nizar.Tlili@fst.rnu.tn

Abstract

Caper (Capparis L.), a shrub plant with a large natural distribution, is used in traditional medicines to cure various illnesses. Phytochemicals studies have shown the presence of many beneficial compounds such as spermidine, rutin, quercetin, kaempferol, stigmasterol, campesterol, tocopherols, and carotenoids. Biological studies reveal important antimicrobial, anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and antiviral properties. The presented review summarizes information concerning the morphology, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, and biological activities of caper plants.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20851750
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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