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J Recept Signal Transduct Res. 2011 Feb;31(1):1-9. doi: 10.3109/10799893.2010.515593. Epub 2010 Sep 18.

Cross-talk between protein kinase A and the MAPK-activated protein kinases RSK1 and MK5.

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  • 1Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Medical Biology, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway.

Abstract

Typical mammalian mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways consist of a cascade of three consecutive phosphorylation events exerted by a MAPK kinase kinase (MAPKKK), a MAPK kinase (MAPKK), and finally a MAPK. MAPKs not only target non-protein kinase substrates, they can also phosphorylate other protein kinases designated as MAPK-activated protein kinases (MAPKAPK). The MAPKAPK family includes the ribosomal-S6-kinases (RSK1-4), the MAPK-interacting kinases (MNK1 and 2), the mitogen-and stress-activated kinases (MSK1 and 2), and the MAPKAPK (MK2, 3, and 5) subfamilies. Although several reports indicate extensive cross-talk between the MAPK and protein kinase A (PKA) pathways, evidence of a direct interaction at the level of the MAPKAPK only appeared recently. The MAPKAPKs RSK1 and MK5 can bind to PKA, but the features of these interactions are distinct. This review discusses the different characteristics of regulating the activity and subcellular localization of MK5 and RSK1 by PKA and the functional implications of these interactions.

PMID:
20849292
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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