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J Hypertens. 2011 Feb;29(2):349-56. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0b013e32833ea821.

Endogenous ouabain and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system: distinct effects on Na handling and blood pressure in human hypertension.

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  • 1Nephrology, and Dialysis San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele, Milan, Italy. manunta.paolo@hsr.it

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate whether the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and endogenous ouabain system differently affect renal Na handling and blood pressure.

METHODS:

Three hundred and one patients in whom we compared blood pressure, and renal Na tubular reabsorption in the basal condition and 2 h (T120) after saline infusion.

RESULTS:

Following multivariate-adjusted linear and quartiles analysis, baseline mean blood pressure (MBP) was significantly higher (113.7 ± 1.33 mmHg) in the fourth versus the first endogenous ouabain quartile (103.8 ± 1.04 mmHg) and the trend across the quartiles was highly significant (β = 0.23, P = 3.53e-04). In contrast, an inverse relationship was present in the renin activity (PRA) quartiles with MBP highest in the first (112.5 ± 1.26) and lowest in the fourth PRA quartile (107.6 ± 1.48, P = 0.039). Following an acute saline load, changes in MBP and the slope of the pressure-natriuresis relationship were inversely related across the PRA quartiles. The fractional excretion of sodium (FENa) showed a negative linear trend going from the first to the third endogenous ouabain quartiles (2.35 ± 0.17 and 1.90 ± 0.14%, P = 0.05). Patients in the fourth endogenous ouabain quartile (>323 pmol/l) showed increased FENa T120 (2.78 ± 0.18%, P < 0.01) and increased Na tubular rejection fraction (P = 0.007) after Na load. After the saline load, there was a biphasic relationship between plasma endogenous ouabain and FENa favoring Na retention at low endogenous ouabain and Na excretion at high endogenous ouabain levels.

CONCLUSION:

The RAAS and endogenous ouabain system are two independent and complementary systems having an inverse (RAAS) or a direct (endogenous ouabain system) relationship with hemodynamic parameters.

PMID:
20842047
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3521520
Free PMC Article

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