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Genome Res. 2010 Nov;20(11):1469-81. doi: 10.1101/gr.107680.110. Epub 2010 Sep 14.

De novo rates and selection of large copy number variation.

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  • 1Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA.

Abstract

While copy number variation (CNV) is an active area of research, de novo mutation rates within human populations are not well characterized. By focusing on large (>100 kbp) events, we estimate the rate of de novo CNV formation in humans by analyzing 4394 transmissions from human pedigrees with and without neurocognitive disease. We show that a significant limitation in directly measuring genome-wide CNV mutation is accessing DNA derived from primary tissues as opposed to cell lines. We conservatively estimated the genome-wide CNV mutation rate using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) microarrays to analyze whole-blood derived DNA from asthmatic trios, a collection in which we observed no elevation in the prevalence of large CNVs. At a resolution of ∼30 kb, nine de novo CNVs were observed from 772 transmissions, corresponding to a mutation rate of μ = 1.2 × 10(-2) CNVs per genome per transmission (μ = 6.5 × 10(-3) for CNVs >500 kb). Combined with previous estimates of CNV prevalence and assuming a model of mutation-selection balance, we estimate significant purifying selection for large (>500 kb) events at the genome-wide level to be s = 0.16. Supporting this, we identify de novo CNVs in 717 multiplex autism pedigrees from the AGRE collection and observe a fourfold enrichment (P = 1.4 × 10(-3)) for de novo CNVs in cases of multiplex autism versus unaffected siblings, suggesting that many de novo CNV mutations contribute a subtle, but significant risk for autism. We observe no parental bias in the origin or transmission of CNVs among any of the cohorts studied.

PMID:
20841430
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2963811
Free PMC Article
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