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J Hazard Mater. 2010 Dec 15;184(1-3):89-96. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.08.009. Epub 2010 Aug 13.

Mechanism of uranium (VI) removal by two anaerobic bacterial communities.

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  • 1Centro de Ciências do Mar, Universidade do Algarve, FCT-DQF (edifício 8), Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal.


The mechanism of uranium (VI) removal by two anaerobic bacterial consortia, recovered from an uncontaminated site (consortium A) and other from an uranium mine (consortium U), was investigated. The highest efficiency of U (VI) removal by both consortia (97%) occurred at room temperature and at pH 7.2. Furthermore, it was found that U (VI) removal by consortium A occurred by enzymatic reduction and bioaccumulation, while the enzymatic process was the only mechanism involved in metal removal by consortium U. FTIR analysis suggested that after U (VI) reduction, U (IV) could be bound to carboxyl, phosphate and amide groups of bacterial cells. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA showed that community A was mainly composed by bacteria closely related to Sporotalea genus and Rhodocyclaceae family, while community U was mainly composed by bacteria related to Clostridium genus and Rhodocyclaceae family.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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