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Int J Gen Med. 2010 Aug 30;3:239-53.

Anthroposophic therapy for attention deficit hyperactivity: a two-year prospective study in outpatients.

Author information

  • 1Institute for Applied Epistemology and Medical Methodology, Freiburg, Germany;

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Anthroposophic treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) includes special artistic and physical therapies and special medications.

METHODS:

We studied 61 consecutive children starting anthroposophic treatment for ADHD symptoms under routine outpatient conditions. Primary outcome was FBB-HKS (a parents' questionnaire for ADHD core symptoms, 0-3), and secondary outcomes were disease and symptom scores (physicians' and parents' assessment, 0-10) and quality of life (KINDL(®) total score, 0-100).

RESULTS:

A total of 67% of patients fulfilled the DSM-IV criteria for ADHD, 15% had an exclusion diagnosis such as pervasive developmental disorders, while 18% did not fulfill ADHD criteria for another reason. Anthroposophic treatment modalities used were eurythmy therapy (in 56% of patients), art therapy (20%), rhythmical massage therapy (8%), and medications (51%). From baseline to six-month follow-up, all outcomes improved significantly; average improvements were FBB-HKS total score 0.30 points (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.18-0.43; P < 0.001), FBB-HKS inattention 0.36 (95% CI: 0.21-0.50; P < 0.001), FBB-HKS hyperactivity 0.29 (95% CI: 0.14-0.44; P < 0.001), FBB-HKS impulsivity 0.22 (95% CI: 0.03-0.40; P < 0.001), disease score 2.33 (95% CI: 1.84-2.82; P < 0.001), symptom score 1.66 (95% CI: 1.17-2.16; P < 0.001), and KINDL 5.37 (95% CI: 2.27-8.47; P = 0.001). Improvements were similar in patients not using stimulants (90% of patients at months 0-6) and were maintained until last follow-up after 24 months.

CONCLUSION:

Children with ADHD symptoms receiving anthroposophic treatment had long-term improvement of symptoms and quality of life.

KEYWORDS:

anthroposophy; attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity; combined modality therapy; prospective studies; quality of life

PMID:
20830200
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC2934607
Free PMC Article

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