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Vox Sang. 2011 Apr;100(3):267-71. doi: 10.1111/j.1423-0410.2010.01404.x. Epub 2010 Sep 2.

Detection of HHV-8 (human herpesvirus-8) genomes in induced peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from US blood donors.

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  • 1Institute for Transfusion Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.



Human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) causes Kaposi's sarcoma and can be detected and induced in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from infected individuals. The prevalence of viral genomes in induced/cultured PBMCs from healthy blood donors has not been systematically studied.


PBMCs from 164 donors were purified and stored as two equal aliquots in liquid nitrogen. One aliquot was used for CD19+ B-cell purification with a fraction reserved for DNA extraction. The second aliquot was cultured for 2 or 4 days in culture media containing n-butyrate and tetradecanoyl phorbol acetate. DNA was extracted from all four cell sources: PBMCs, purified B cells, induced PBMCs harvested at days 2 and 4 of culture. A sensitive real-time PCR with a DNA equivalent of 3×10(5) cells per reaction was run in duplicate for all samples along with a quantitative HHV-8 DNA standard ranging from 1.6 to 200 copies.


For all 164 donors, HHV-8 genomes were not detected in the DNA equivalent of 3-6×10(5) of PBMCs and induced/cultured PBMCs with a real-time PCR assay (95% CI: 0-3.5/164). HHV-8 DNA was not detected from DNA equivalent of 1.5 (0.5-5.6)×10(5) CD19+ B cells from 139/164 donors. HHV-8 antibodies were detected in 7 of the 164 donors (4.3%).


HHV-8 genomes were not detected from PBMCs, induced/cultured PBMCs and CD19+ B cells from 164 blood donors. The level of detectable HHV-8 genomes in blood donors seems to be extremely low, if they exist.

© 2010 The Author(s). Vox Sanguinis © 2010 International Society of Blood Transfusion.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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