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Blood. 2010 Dec 16;116(25):5724-33. doi: 10.1182/blood-2010-06-292227. Epub 2010 Sep 7.

Increased thrombosis susceptibility and altered fibrin formation in STAT5-deficient mice.

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  • 1Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.


To explore the effect(s) of growth hormone signaling on thrombosis, we studied signal transduction and transcription factor 5 (STAT5)-deficient mice and found markedly reduced survival in an in vivo thrombosis model. These findings were not explained by a compensatory increase in growth hormone secretion. There was a modest increase in the activity of several procoagulant factors, but there was no difference in the rate or magnitude of thrombin generation in STAT5-deficient mice relative to control. However, thrombin-triggered clot times were markedly shorter, and fibrin polymerization occurred more rapidly in plasma from STAT5-deficient mice. Fibrinogen depletion and mixing studies indicated that the effect on fibrin polymerization was not due to intrinsic changes in fibrinogen, but resulted from changes in the concentration of a circulating plasma inhibitor. While thrombin-triggered clot times were significantly shorter in STAT5-deficient animals, reptilase-triggered clot times were unchanged. Accordingly, while the rate of thrombin-catalyzed release of fibrinopeptide A was similar, the release of fibrinopeptide B was accelerated in STAT5-deficient plasma versus control. Taken together, these studies demonstrated that the loss of STAT5 resulted in a decrease in the concentration of a plasma inhibitor affecting thrombin-triggered cleavage of fibrinopeptide B. This ultimately resulted in accelerated fibrin polymerization and greater thrombosis susceptibility in STAT5-deficient animals.

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