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Mov Disord. 2010 Dec 15;25(16):2879-83. doi: 10.1002/mds.23325.

Olfactory heterogeneity in LRRK2 related Parkinsonism.

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  • 1Reta Lila Weston Institute of Neurological Studies, UCL Institute of Neurology, London, UK.


LRRK2 mutations can cause familial and sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD) with Lewy-body pathology at post-mortem. Studies of olfaction in LRRK2 are sparse and incongruent. We applied a previously validated translation of the 16 item smell identification test from Sniffin' Sticks (SS-16) to 14 parkinsonian carriers of heterozygous G2019S LRRK2 mutation and compared with 106 PD patients and 118 healthy controls. The mean SS-16 score in LRRK2 was higher than in PD (p < 0.001, 95% CI for β = -4.7 to -1.7) and lower than in controls (p = 0.007, 95% CI for β = +0.6 to +3.6). In the LRRK2 group, subjects with low scores had significantly more dyskinesia. They also had younger age of onset, longer disease duration, and reported less frequently a family history of PD, but none of these other differences reached significance. Odor identification is diminished in LRRK2 parkinsonism but not to the same extent as in idiopathic PD.

© 2010 Movement Disorder Society.

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