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Schizophr Res. 2010 Nov;123(2-3):116-25. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2010.08.005.

The contributions of disease and genetic factors towards regional cortical thinning in schizophrenia: the UCLA family study.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90024, United States. yaling.yang@loni.ucla.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Cortical thickness reductions in prefrontal and temporal cortices have been repeatedly observed in patients with schizophrenia. However, it remains unclear whether regional variations in cortical thickness may be attributable to disease-related or genetic-liability factors.

METHOD:

The structural magnetic resonance imaging data of 48 adult-onset schizophrenia patients, 66 first-degree non-psychotic relatives of schizophrenia patients, 27 community comparison (CC) probands and 77 CC relatives were examined using cortical pattern matching methods to map and compare highly localized changes in cortical gray matter thickness between groups defined by biological risk for schizophrenia.

RESULTS:

Schizophrenia patients showed marked cortical thinning primarily in frontal and temporal cortices when compared to unrelated CC probands. Results were similar, though less pronounced when patients were compared with their non-psychotic relatives. Cortical thickness reductions observed in unaffected relatives compared to age-similar CC relatives suggestive of schizophrenia-related genetic liability were marginal, surviving correction for the left parahippocampal gyrus and inferior occipital cortex only.

CONCLUSIONS:

Observations of pronounced fronto/temporal cortical thinning in schizophrenia patients replicate prior findings. The lack of marked cortical thickness alterations in non-psychotic relatives of patients, suggests that disease processes are primary contributors toward cortical thickness reductions in the disorder. However, genetic factors may have a larger influence on abnormalities in the medial temporal lobe.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20817413
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2988766
Free PMC Article
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