Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Curr Top Dev Biol. 2010;92:367-409. doi: 10.1016/S0070-2153(10)92012-7.

Notch signaling in the regulation of stem cell self-renewal and differentiation.

Author information

  • 1Joslin Diabetes Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

Stem cells are rare and unique precursor cells that participate in the building and rebuilding of tissues and organs during embryogenesis, postnatal growth, and injury repair. Stem cells are distinctively endowed with the ability to both self-renew and differentiate, such that they can replenish the stem cell pool while continuing to produce the differentiated daughter cells that are essential for tissue function. Stem cell self-renewal/differentiation decisions must be carefully controlled during organogenesis, tissue homeostasis, and regeneration, as failure in stem cell maintenance or activation can lead to progressive tissue wasting, while unchecked self-renewal is a hallmark of many cancers. Here, we review evidence implicating the Notch signaling pathway, an evolutionarily conserved cell fate determinant with widespread roles in a variety of tissues and organisms, as a crucial regulator of stem cell behavior. As discussed below, this pathway plays varied and critical roles at multiple stages of organismal development, in lineage-specific differentiation of pluripotent embryonic stem cells, and in controlling stem cell numbers and activity in the context of age-related tissue degeneration, injury-induced tissue repair, and malignancy.

Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20816402
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk