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Neurol Res. 2010 Dec;32(10):1041-9. doi: 10.1179/016164110X12807570510013. Epub 2010 Aug 31.

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor enhances cellular proliferation and motor function recovery on rats subjected to traumatic brain injury.

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  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Chang Bing Chwan Memorial Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan.



Traumatic brain injury (TBI) results in neurological dysfunction and death through primary or secondary mechanisms. Here, we evaluated the effect of osmotic pump delivery of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on the histopathology and motor function recovery of rats after experimental TBI.


Sprague-Dawley rats were used as experimental model by fluid percussion device to cause brain injury on the motor cortex area. The rats were simultaneously subjected to TBI and were implanted of min-osmotic pump containing recombinant human G-CSF (300 μg/700 μl) via intraperitoneal injection. Motor function was assessed by rotarod test. 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) was used to label the proliferating cells and their differentiation was evaluated by histology and immunohistochemistry.


The G-CSF group showed significantly better motor function recovery than the control group, and the effect lasted up to 14 days after TBI. Moreover, the G-CSF group exhibited a greater increase in the number of BrdU-positive cells compared with the control group. The G-CSF group also had a significantly higher number of DCX-positive cells in the ipsilateral subventricular zone (SVZ) than the control group.


These data suggest that the beneficial effect of delivering G-CSF via an osmotic pump may improve the motor function and enhance neurogenesis in the SVZ of the injured brain.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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